|Buddhist Council & Buddhism|
Question No. 01 : In Buddhism, what is Dharmachakrapravartan?
Answer : According to Buddhism or Buddhist folklore, the first discourse of Gautama Buddha was held at Deer park in Sarnath near Varanasi with five ascetics present. It is called Dharmachakrapravartan.
Question No. 02 : How many stories are included in the Jatakas?
Answer : 550 stories
Question No. 03 : Gautama Buddha was brought up by whom?
Answer : As the mother of Gautama Buddha (Siddhartha) died after 7 days of his birth, he was brought up by stepmother Prajapati Gautami.
Question No. 04 : Where and when the first Buddhist Council was held?
Answer : The first Buddhist Council was held in the year 483 BC at Saptaparni Cave, Rajagriha.
Question No. 05 : Who was the Chairman and Royal Patron of First Buddhist Council at 483 BC?
Answer : Mahakassaapa was the Chairman and Ajatashatru of Haryanka Dynasty was the Royal Patron of first Buddhist Council.
Question No. 06 : Where and when the second Buddhist Council was held?
Answer : The second Buddhist Council was held in the year 383 BC at Vaishali.
Question No. 07 : Who was the Chairman and Royal Patron of second Buddhist Council at 383 BC?
Answer : Sabakami was the Chairman and Kalasoka of Shisunaga Dynasty was the Royal Patron of second Buddhist Council.
Question No. 08 : Where and when the third Buddhist Council was held?
Answer : The third Buddhist Council was held in the year 250 BC at Patliputra.
Question No. 09 : Who was the Chairman and Royal Patron of third Buddhist Council at 250 BC?
Answer : Mangaliputra Tissa was the Chairman and Ashoka Maurya of Maurya Dynasty was the Royal Patron of third Buddhist Council in 250 BC.
Question No. 10 : Where and when the fourth Buddhist Council was held?
Answer : The fourth Buddhist Council was held in the year AD 72 at Kundalvan, Kashmir.
Question No. 11 : Who was the Chairman, Vice Chairman and Royal Patron of Fourth Buddhist Council at AD 72?
Answer : Vasumitra was the Chairman, Ashwaghosha was the Vice Chairman and Kanishka of Kushan Dynasty was the Royal Patron of fourth Buddhist Council.
Question No. 12 : After which buddhist council were the Buddhists divided in two sects?
Answer : After the fourth Buddhist Council held in AD 72 at Kundalvan, Kashmir the buddhists were divided into two sects named as Hinayana and Mahayana.
Question No. 13 : Who was the greatest Buddhist commentator of the Buddhist canonical literature in ancient India?
Answer : Ashvaghosha
Question No. 14 : Who is represented by the phrase "The Light of Asia"?
Answer : The phrase "The Light of Asia" is applied to Gautama Buddha.
Question No. 15 : In which Buddhist text are the regulations for management of Sangha and rule of conduct for the monks written?
Answer : Vinaya Pitaka is the buddhist text where the regulations for management of Sangha and rule of conduct for the monks are written. The compilation of Vinaya Pitaka was first started at the First Buddhist Council by Upali.
Question No. 16 : Which buddhist monk influenced The Maurya Empire Ashoka?
Answer : Ashok Maurya was much influenced by Buddhist monk Upagupta.
Question No. 17 : Vardhaman Mahavira of Jainism and Gautama Buddha of Buddhism both preached their doctrines during the reign of same king. Who was the king?
Answer : Bimbisara
Question No. 18 : Which famous Indo Greek king embraced Buddhism?
Answer : The famous Indo Greek king who embraced Buddhism was Menander I Soter.
Question No. 19 : During the time of Harshavardhana, where the great Buddhist assembly was held?
Answer : During the time of Harshavardhana, the great Buddhist assembly was held at Nalanda.
Question No. 20 : In which writing Gautama Buddha has been described as 'an ocean of wisdom and compassion' ?
Answer : Buddha has been described as 'an ocean of wisdom and compassion' in the book named 'Amarakosa' written by the ancient Indian scholar Amarasimha.
Question No. 21. Who was the first king to have the image of Lord Gautama Buddha inscribed on his coins?
Answer : Kanishka was the first king to have the image of Lord Gautama Buddha inscribed on his coin.
Question No. 22. What was the state religion during the reign of Ashoka?
Answer : Buddhism became the state religion during the reign of Ashoka Maurya.
Question No. 23. The Fourth Buddhist Council compiled an encyclopedia of Buddhist philosophy. What is the name of this encyclopedia?
Answer : The Fourth Buddhist Council compiled an encyclopedia of Buddhist philosophy called 'Mahavibhasha Sutra'.
Question No. 24. In which country was the Buddhism first propagated outside India?
Answer : Srilanka
Question No. 25. What is the name of the edicts/inscriptions in which Ashoka expresses his faith in the Buddhist creed?
Answer : Bhabru Edict
Question No. 26. Who converted Kanishka to Buddhism?
Answer : Ashwaghosha converted Kanishka to Buddhism.
Question No. 27. Which language was adopted for preaching in Mahayana Buddhism?
Answer : The language adopted for preaching Mahayana Buddhism was Sanskrit.
Question No. 28. In which countries did Ashoka propagate Buddhism?
Answer : Ashoka propagated Buddhism in Burma, Nepal and Srilanka.
Question No. 29. Who was the founder of the Buddhist University at Nalanda?
Answer : The founder of Nalanda University at Badagaon, Bihar was Kumargupta- I .
Question No. 30. Who and where found the Vikramshila University?
Answer : Pala ruler Dharmapala founded the Buddhist University Vikramshila at Bhagalpur, Bihar.
Extra dose :
1 . To read more Questions and Answers about Gautama Buddha and Buddhism, click here.
2. To read about Jainism and Vardhaman Mahavira, click here.